Luke 1:5–19

Zacharias was a priest. He was a spiritual man. He was humble and poor. He and his wife had no children. Both now are growing old. He had been faithful to God all his life. God does bless those who are faithful to Him. Faithfulness shows: (1) concern for God, (2) consecration to God.

I. THE PEOPLE—Luke 1:5–7

1. Characters—v. 5. The priest Zacharias and his wife Elisabeth.

2. Clean—v. 6. The lives of Zacharias and Elisabeth.

a) They were righteous.

b) They walked in all the commandments.

c) They were blameless—free from reproach.

3. Childless—v. 7. This presented a problem, since being childless was a reproach to the Jews.

II. THE PURITY—Luke 1:8–12

1. Work—vv. 8–9. Zacharias is busy about his work in the temple in the burning of incense. They did this twice a day, in the morning and at 3:00 P.M. (Exod. 30:7–8).

2. Worship—v. 10. All the people were praying at the time of the incense. (Remember this was before the birth of Christ.)

3. Wonder—vv. 11–12. The angel appears unto Zacharias. Zacharias is fearful. He falls on his face before the Lord. This showed respect to God.

III. THE PROMISE—Luke 1:13–17

1. Promise—v. 13. Zacharias and Elisabeth are to have a son. His name will be John, meaning “The Lord is gracious or shows grace.”

2. Prophecy—vv. 14–17

a) Rejoicing—v. 14. Many will rejoice at his birth. His birth will be a blessing to many people.

b) Righteous—v. 15. He will be great—he will not drink any strong drink.

c) Repentance—v. 16. Many will turn to God through John the Baptist’s preaching.

d) Revival—v. 17. John will prepare the way for Christ.

IV. THE POWER—Luke 1:18–19

  p 8  1. Problem—v. 18. Zacharias and Elisabeth are old. Seems impossible to have a son.

2. Power—v. 19. Gabriel the angel, “the mighty one of God,” had been sent by God to tell Zacharias this news.

John the Baptist had a very good heritage. Both Zacharias and Elisabeth were godly parents. The life the parents live has an effect on their children. The greatest gifts parents can give their children is to live a godly life daily in their homes.

 Pentz, C. M. (1976). Expository Outlines from Luke (pp. 7–8). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.


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